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  Vidal, Manuel Miguel Jord├ín ; Montero, M.A.
Valorisation of Lagoon Sediments from Pantano de Elche to Produce Ceramic Construction Materials
Interceram 60 (2011) [1] 53-56
Special Tile & Brick; Technical Papers


Abstract:
The substitution of wastes for other clayey raw materials in the production of traditional ceramics, in this case a lagoon sediment rich in calcium carbonate, could give rise to cost savings due to the utilization and recycling of residues as a secondary raw material. At the same time, it can be helpful for solving environmental problems associated with such wastes. This research shows the results of adding a lagoon sediment in different proportions (15, 20, 25 and 30 %) to four ceramic clays in a ceramic body. The most suitable products were selected after examining the mineralogical composition of the resulting ceramic material and its technological behavior. To evaluate the ceramic features of the materials, several properties of processing and product (water absorption and bending strength) were measured. An increase in water absorption with an increase in the residue percentage was observed. Addition of residue produces a decrease in the bending strength. Selection of suitable percentages of sediment to add to ceramic bodies can be controlled by applying the usual industry standards for specific construction materials.

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